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New method for in situ characterization of loose material for landslide mapping purpose
Pantet A, Parriaux A, Thelin P
Swiss Global Change Abstract Ref. # 08.1-209
Type of Publication:
Reviewed Journal Article
Engineering Geology, 2007, V94, N3-4, NOV 2, pp 166-179.
The assessment of grain size distribution and plasticity of loose geological material, during in situ geological investigations, is not obvious. Visual appreciation allows an approximative quantification of the coarse granulometric fractions, but not of the fine ones. Field soils determination methods suggested until now, are visual and tactile tests leading to a very rough estimate, which is only qualitative and not very reproducible. The new proposed field test (GEOLEP method) allows a quick quantification of the fine fraction of loose material. It allows the determination of the sand fraction (fine and medium grained sands) as well as the methylene blue value of the samples. The necessary equipment to perform this test is light and compact and the time needed to analyze one sample is approximately 15 min. Thus it is also possible to carry out numerous measurements in one day. The calibrations were carried out on a selection of 13 natural samples, chosen for their representativeness of the typical alpine quaternary deposits. The results obtained with GEOLEP method are relevant compared with standardized laboratory tests; the obtained correlation indexes are of 73% for the comparison with laboratory stain test results and of 89% with a laboratory method using a similar procedure than the field test. The correlation we performed with Atterberg's limits tests shows that a rough approximation of plasticity index can also be obtained (R-2 = 75%). This method thus brings a new tool which should allow taking into account the lithological factor (by some quantitative and representative variables) in a reliable way for the evaluation of landslide hazards. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
1.3 Soil and Lithosphere
Geomorphology , Geology
landslides; natural hazards; in situ test; plasticity; grain size distribution; methylene blue; clays
A Parriaux, Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Lab Engn & Environm Geol, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland ; Research Addresses: Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Lab Engn & Environm Geol, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland; Univ Lausanne, Inst Mineral & Geochem, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland ; Email: Aurele.parriaux@EPFL.ch
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